A study released by McKinsey in 2015 said such workers accounted for less than 1% of the total US working-age population. A separate study released by JPMorgan Chase earlier this year found that just 0.4% of adults make money from gig jobs in any given month.
A number of start-ups are already aimed at the new architecture. A Mountain View, Calif., outfit called Mashgin uses “computer vision” to automate retail checkout. Up Highway 101 in San Mateo, a company called Alluxio is creating ways to make cloud-based A.I. work better. Last week, a San Francisco company called Mesosphere, which makes a way to operate among various corporate and public clouds, raised $73.5 million.