1977、2007、?

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上周,硅谷资深媒体人 Walt Mossberg 写了一篇回顾与展望的文章。文章的开头这样写道,家庭计算机成为主流不过 40 年光景

It’s often hard to remember that the personal computing era is still quite young. It only dates from 1977, with the arrival of the first mass-market PCs. These were the first computing devices meant for individuals that weren’t kits, had screens and keyboards, and could actually do something useful, like word processing, game play, or, eventually, spreadsheets.

为了进一步展示家用计算机的年轻历史,Mossberrg 进一步将其与几个美国众所周知的品牌做对比:

The best known of these, the Apple II, which remained on the market in various forms until 1993, will have its 40th anniversary in June. That makes mass-market personal computing younger than the Super Bowl, Starbucks, and Disneyland.

下图就是 1977 年的 Apple II——这是第一个让计算机看起来像家用电器而非机器的设备,家用电器的重要特点是外观好,对家庭环境进行装饰,Apple II 做的都不错。

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下图则是 1977 年 Apple II 的广告:

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另一个重要的时间点则是 2007 年,Mossberg 直言:iPhone 改变了一切。作为果粉的 Mossberg 这么说倒不奇怪,但我们有必要把上述两个开启新纪元的事情放在一起去看,大致可以勾勒出过去四十年内计算文化发展的脉络......(欢迎加入「I/O」会员服务获取全文)